Direct the Secretaries of Commerce, Defense, Homeland Security, and State, the Administrator of USAID, and the Attorney General to coordinate with donors, multilateral institutions, and foreign governments and prioritize building capacity to sustainably manage fisheries and combat IUU fishing and seafood fraud.
IUU fishing and seafood fraud are global issues that can impact maritime and national security and require a global, concerted effort to combat. Enhancing other countries’ capacity for effective fisheries management and enforcement and prosecution of violations can ultimately improve U.S. marine resources. Many less-developed countries lack adequate maritime domain awareness, governance structures, and capable institutions to secure their Exclusive Economic Zone rights and prevent IUU fishing and other activities associated with illegal fishing and trade in illegally harvested fish. Assisting developing countries to strengthen their fisheries governance and enforcement can help regulators in other countries more carefully manage and monitor legitimate fishing and combat IUU fishing practices and help ensure seafood sold in different markets is produced in accordance with the applicable law.
Building capacity and political will to combat IUU fishing will be most successful when we recognize the broader context in which these activities occur, and undertake a strategic and comprehensive approach to fisheries sector reform and address associated criminal activities. IUU fishing and seafood fraud have different impacts that require different capacity building approaches across fishery sectors, including: industrial fisheries, small-scale fisheries, and aquaculture. Effective capacity building will require the use of strategic partnerships, a comprehensive approach to IUU fishing as a development issue, and coordinated delivery of U.S. government support.