Executive Office of the President

To provide the President with the support that he or she needs to govern effectively, the Executive Office of the President (EOP) was created in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.  The EOP has responsibility for tasks ranging from communicating the President’s message to the American people to promoting our trade interests abroad.

The National Ocean Council (NOC) was established by Executive Order 13546 in 2010, and oversees implementation of the President’s National Ocean Policy, which created an integrated management approach for the United States’ ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes ecosystems.

Four components of the EOP sit on the NOC Committee on IUU Fishing and Seafood Fraud: the Office of Science & Technology Policy, the Council on Environmental Quality, the Office of Management & Budget, and the Office of the United States Trade Representative.

The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) coordinates Federal environmental efforts and works closely with agencies and other White House offices in thedevelopment of environmental policies and initiatives. CEQ was established within the EOP by Congress as part of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and additional responsibilities were provided by the Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970. Through interagency working groups and coordination with other EOP components, CEQ works to advance the President’s agenda. It also balances competing positions, and encourages government-wide coordination, bringing Federal agencies, state and local governments, and other stakeholders together on matters relating to the environment, natural resources and energy. CEQ co-chairs the National Ocean Council, along with the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

The core mission of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is to serve the President in implementing his vision across the Executive Branch. OMB is the largest component of the EOP. It reports directly to the President and helps a wide range of executive departments and agencies across the Federal Government to implement the commitments and priorities of the President. Organizationally, OMB has offices devoted to the development and execution of the Federal Budget, various government-wide management portfolios, and OMB-wide functional responsibilities.


Congress established the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the EOP on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The mission of OSTP is threefold: first, to provide the President and his senior staff with accurate, relevant, and timely scientific and technical advice on all matters of consequence; second, to ensure that the policies of the Executive Branch are informed by sound science; and third, to ensure that the scientific and technical work of the Executive Branch is properly coordinated so as to provide the greatest benefit to society. OSTP co-chairs the National Ocean Council, along with CEQ. 

Established in 1962, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) is responsible for developing, negotiating and coordinating U.S. international trade and investment policy. USTR works to address environmental challenges through a range of multilateral, regional, and bilateral trade agreements and initiatives. The head of USTR, the U.S. Trade Representative, is a Cabinet member who serves as the principal trade advisor, negotiator and spokesperson on trade issues.


Role in implementing the Task Force Recommendations:

The EOP assists broadly in implementing the Task Force Recommendation by acting as a liaison between the NOC Committee and the White House. In particular, USTR plays an active role in implementing the recommendations since trade is a major arena in which the United States’ international efforts can help combat IUU fishing and seafood fraud. In accordance with the Action Plan, the United States is using existing free trade agreements to further these objectives, including through technical assistance and environmental cooperation programs to help trading partner countries build capacity to combat IUU fishing and seafood fraud and support sustainable fisheries management. The United States is also currently engaged in negotiations with 11 other countries in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which together account for approximately one quarter of global marine catch (wild) and seafood exports (by value).  TPP is on track to include pioneering commitments to combat IUU fishing and first-ever commitments to prohibit some of the most harmful fisheries subsidies, and to support measures being developed or implemented through relevant RFMOs and other arrangements in the region, such as catch documentation schemes and port State measures.   The United States intends to pursue similar commitments in negotiations with the European Union towards a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) agreement.