IUU Fishing and Seafood Fraud

Scope and Nature of IUU Fishing and Seafood Fraud
The Task Force was established to address both IUU fishing and seafood fraud; however, it is critical to understand the distinctions between the two issues and where they may overlap. Notably, neither issue is limited to fish, but refer to all seafood species, including crustaceans and shellfish.

IUU Fishing
IUU fishing consists of fishing activities that are illegal, unreported, or unregulated. Entities that engage in IUU fishing circumvent conservation and management measures and avoid the operational costs associated with sustainable fishing practices.  IUU fishing undermines the reputation of legitimate fishing and seafood operations and the consumer confidence on which they rely. For more… 

Seafood Fraud
In general terms, seafood fraud is “the act of defrauding buyers of seafood for economic gain.” Seafood fraud occurs in a variety of different ways—from short-weighting product (the most common form of seafood fraud), to intentional mislabeling and species substitution, to falsifying trade documentation. Regardless of the manner in which the fraud occurs, seafood fraud is illegal, undermines confidence in the market place, and can have serious consequences for fish, fishermen, the seafood industry and consumers. For more…. 

Overlap of IUU and Seafood Fraud
IUU fishing and Seafood fraud can overlap when the origin or species of a seafood product is fraudulently labeled in an effort to conceal IUU fishing activity, such as hiding that it is a protected species or that it was harvested illegally from a protected area. For more…